Welcome to YouthFacts
We Are Debunkers
YouthFacts is dedicated to providing factual information on youth issues –- crime, violence, sex, drugs, drinking, social behaviors, education, civic engagement, attitudes, media, whatever teen terror du jour arises. Since we emphasize demonstrable fact over teen-bashing emotionalism and interest-driven propaganda, the information you find here will be dramatically different than in the major media and political forums.
An aging society confronted with rapid change can be a dangerous one, fearful and hostile toward bewildering new demographics, technologies, and social orders. Unfortunately, leaders and their compliant media too often have chosen to exploit these fears. Coinciding with increasing racial diversity of American youth, interests of every stripe have buttressed their politics, agendas, fame, and fortunes by manufacturing ever-wilder fears of young people. As “youth” have become handier scapegoats and profit-generating commodities in America’s privatized social policy, fear, lying, and raw self-promotion prevail.
The startlingly new and different information provided here is ORIGINAL. It is not derived secondhand from special interests, media reports, or anointed “experts.” Rather, the reader will be able to link to the primary sources cited and see firsthand how youth issues are routinely distorted in public forums.
Sure, we have opinions, but we don’t tie information here to political or social agendas. As so many interests and media across the political spectrum manufacture grossly inaccurate nonsense about youth, we promise a site that is offensive to ideologues. And, unlike entrenched interests, we’ll respond seriously to challenges and corrections.
New Youth Developments
Dramatic, promising youth trends demand attention
Mike Males, October 1, 2015
Modern American youth are acting very differently from what experts predicted – and certainly different from what agenda-driven politics frozen in decades-old dogmas can handle.
YouthFacts posts new 1960-2014 crime tables, showing continuing, dramatic declines in all types of crime by youth to levels below those of 50 years ago (even as crime by older ages continues to rise). Clearly, the best, most recent FBI and CDC information shows it’s time to abolish the hostile, prejudicial term “youth violence,” and to stop branding teenagers a “risky, crime-prone population.”
The charts on gun deaths (above), crime trends (below), and shown in the posted crime tables only a few of many examples. Against every theory of youth behavior and political need, however, young people show enormous reductions in gun fatalities over the last two decades in states with stronger gun controls and fewer guns (New York and California) — and also in states with weaker, “open carry” laws and more guns (Texas)…(read more)
“Lawless dystopia” averted!
Change in California felony rates by age group, 1978 (first year available) – 2014 (latest year)
California Criminal Justice Statistics Center, Statistics, Arrests, 2015. Arrest rates per 100,000 population by age group are compared for 2014 versus 1978.
Mike Males, August 6, 2015
California’s young people became dramatically more racially and ethnically diverse over the last 35 years. From 1980 to 2014, the population age 10-24 increased by 1.8 million, and the percent that is White (not Latino) fell from 63% then to 29% today. During that period — defying “expert” predictions and a lot of fear-mongering about the “coming youth crime wave” — crime among children under age 12 plunged by a staggering 94%, and fell among adolescents age 12-17 by 76%. Meanwhile, Californians age 30 and older (for whom the largest racial group remains Whites) show sharply increased crime over the period, new Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice studies show.
YALSA’s Cynical Heart: Reproducing the Adultist Agenda
Anthony Bernier, December 2016
American Library Association’s (ALA) recent dog-piling on young people for their incapacity to discern “fake news” got me thinking.
In its 22 November issue of ALA Direct, that “tightly curated” e-newsletter, the association pointed uncritically to a recent Stanford study cherry-picking on young people for media skills that our last election cycle showed challenged adults as well – with far more dire consequences. Unfortunately, cherry-picking on youth appears endemic to ALA.
YALSA, too, continually and cynically “punches down” on young adults.
I’ve been doing some cherry-picking of my own. The same deficit vision of young people on display in ALA Direct reappears in YALSA’s new “Summer Learning Approach.” This new programming recommendation indulges curricular goals unsuited for public libraries along with the always ill-defined “connected learning” agenda, as well as the desperate and equally specious “summer slide” cliché that remains contested among researchers. Further, a critical review of the association’s Core Professional Values statement yields the same deficit-based assumptions about youth: “responding to teen needs,” “builds and maintains knowledge of teens’ social, emotional, mental, and physical development” etc., etc., etc. (read more)
Flaming Youth has Become a Flaming Question
Anthony Bernier, October 2016
In the spring of 1936, in the jaws of the Great Depression, President Franklin Roosevelt addressed the Young Democratic Club of Baltimore, Maryland. No one was even envisioning the horrors of World War just around the corner. Roosevelt began:
You are the symbol of young men and women living in every State of the Union, affiliated with every political party and belonging to every so-called stratum of society. The world in which . . . you have come of age is not the set old world of your fathers . . . You are measuring the present state of the world out of your own experiences.”
Roosevelt acknowledged what he called youth’s “flaming questions” about the world they inhabited and characterized adults as responding with “unmerited pride” in “the mere fact that they are adults.” He further acknowledged how adults would, “put on their most patronizing smiles and pat the young man or young woman on the shoulder,” in cynical smug assumptions that youth’s energies and ideals would fade. “You have a right,” Roosevelt resolved, “to expect something better than that.”
During this recent political cycle, we have seen a great deal of “unmerited” adult pride. Presumptuous, pompous, and patronizing positions flowing from both the political left and right about all manner of youth concerns, from the youth-initiated Black Lives Matter through immigration reform and soaring college debt, and yet the trumpeting of chimerical rising “youth crime” and violence claims continue all the while ignoring how actual youth crime and violence stands at historic lows. (read more)
Born or Made
Anthony Bernier, August 2016
Pop quiz: Which statement is more true: Successful YA librarians are more born or more made? Hint: this question asks for acknowledgment of a priority.
Some say, “Of course, it’s born passion! How can you possibly serve young people without being passionate about them?” Others, with similar conviction, say the opposite, “Of course, one needs study and preparation. How can you serve young people without knowing what to do?”
Herein lies much of what perpetually keeps YA services in the backwater of library and information services. If YA librarians themselves can’t prioritize what makes them successful, why should anyone else?
Among the very first things librarians understand about YA service is this “born” discourse: the natural capacity to establish connections and relationships. Librarians and library school students, no less than parents and administrators, talk about the absolute need for this natural, practically genetic, requirement. These natural connections frequently sort into two groups of predispositions: emotional and personal. (read more)
“Maker Space” Cabal: The Challenges and Obstacles to Our Latest Overextension
The Coming of the Post-Teen “Young Adult”
The Global Pulse: International Influences on YA Practice
YA Strike Zone Archives
With few exceptions, today’s “expert” books on adolescents by psychologists, angry parents, and journalists are really the same book. All uniformly depict teenagers as more troubled today than ever due to peer and cultural influences, extreme vexations to their healthy-minded parents and a challenge for ever-wise professionals. Their authors’ universal message can be summed up in two words: “I’m superior!” Authors flatter themselves and their readers by creating a community of the morally, intellectually, and responsibly superior, with the grownup burden to rescue and redirect today’s apocalyptically messed-up kids. As popular youth-trasher James Garbarino declares to his disciples, “You are not the problem, you are the solution!”
What’s amazing is that amid this barrage of crude anti-youth stereotyping and dismality, entertainment media presents a wonderfully diverse array of young people that both caricatures and mirrors the individuality of teens the supposedly nonfiction authors deny. Examination reveals just how terrible most books on teenagers today are.
The good: Bibliography and new covers
The bad and the ugly: Book/media reviews
When they admit, reluctantly, that huge improvements in youth behavior have occurred, politicians and interests rush to claim credit. But do they deserve it? The best evidence is that young people themselves deserve the credit. Defying their elders’ selfish cut-my-taxes defunding of schools and pricing of higher education out of reach of middle-class and poorer young people, many more in this generation are avoiding dropout, getting diplomas, attending college, and obtaining degrees than ever before — with huge social benefits. (read more)
Are minorities and young people better off after marijuana laws are reformed? A new preliminary report by YouthFacts, using recently released 2014 data, finds arrests for marijuana offenses of all types drop substantially for all ages and races after states reform marijuana laws — but substantial disparities in marijuana arrest rates by race remain the same.
After the Doors Were Locked: A History of Youth Corrections in California and the Origins of Twenty-First Century Reform Weaving together a compelling and incisive story about the nation’s largest youth corrections system, Dan Macallair lays bare the daily reality of institutional life — including 150 years of scandal, public outrage, and failed reforms.
Now Obama is blaming America’s drug abuse crisis on teenagers. Huge eruptions in middle-aged drug abuse deaths, drug-related suicide, and drug-related crime, and now a president that seems unable to do anything more than bash adolescents? Is “American adulthood” now completely meaningless?
Obama’s latest, bizarre youth-bashing: Drugs, crime and imprisonment are just “teenagers doing stupid things.” The president is proposing valuable reforms to an overly punitive and racially biased justice system. But his bizarrely backwards teen-bashing ignores 20 years of real crime and imprisonment trends and reinforces the very anti-youth climate he claims to deplore.
California Lt. Governor Gavin Newsom peddles anti-youth demagoguery to win legal highs for his grownup peers. California’s teens don’t deserve Newsom’s patronizing “protect the children!” jingoism. Teens are handling decriminalized marijuana far better than adults.
Teenage terrorists, right here in River City! Running off in droves to join ISIS! (Wait, maybe it’s fewer than a couple of dozen. Who mostly aren’t teenagers.)
Thank you, Senator Sanders, for demanding a plan to end child/youth poverty We know how to end America’s devastating child/teen-poverty epidemic. But children and youth just aren’t important enough to other presidential candidates.
Please. Not the “pot talk.” “Talk to your teen about (sex, drinking, drugs, etc.)” is just another hypocritical crusade that evades the need for adults to act responsibly themselves.
Why are Atlantic, New Yorker, Harper’s, and other liberal-intellectual journals so enraged at young people? Teen-bashing rantings by Elizabeth Kolbert, Caitlin Flanagan, Rebecca Solnit, and Ron Powers are so patently crazy as to raise questions about the sanity of authors and editors.
It’s okay for liberals to expose the official myth that youth are murdered, raped, beaten, and bullied only by their peers Even among progressives, discussion of adults’ domestic violence victimizing children and teenagers has retreated to 1955-era silence.
The derogatory taunt is now almost always “children” or “juvenile” If using other people’s groups as an insult is something we should care about, then we should care about it when it comes to children and teens.
Did Colorado’s contraception program really reduce teen births by 40% in six years? Access to contraception and accurate information on sexuality are important human rights for young and old alike. But it’s time for a new ethic to stop treating teens as a mere commodity to advance interests’ agendas.
Obama blames Charleston shooting on “young people.” It is the president himself who is displaying crude bigotry in his continual efforts to demean youth.
Does “It Get Better”? It sounds like a hopeful message to gay teens that just getting older will fix everything. But the underlying image of “It Gets Better” contains false and ugly stereotypes: that gay teens are fragile, straight teens are homophobic bullies, and only gay youth who suffer bullying by peers (but not by adults) are important.
“Sexting” is a bigger threat to youth than poverty, hunger, and family breakup?Doctors, agencies, political leaders, lobbies, journalists, and the public should be ashamed. A new survey shows self-promoting sensationalism has compliant Americans ignorant of (or indifferent to) real threats to children and youth.
Setting a “minimum age” for everything is a bad idea. They sound great and are easy to pass, but minimum drinking ages, smoking ages, marijuana ages, teen driving laws, curfews, abortion consent ages, spray-paint-buying ages, and every other effort to punish teenagers for acting like adults prevent safer age-integrated associations and increase overall dangers to young people and society.
Why is bigotry and distortion against young people the one prejudice that remains acceptable in political and media forums? The growing power of once-stigmatized minority groups has created a dilemma for mainstream and liberal leaders and commentators who seek both the support of minority constituencies and the privileges of ugly “demographic scapegoating” (blaming powerless groups for social ills). Solution: Trash young people, the one remaining safe scapegoat… facts and fairness be damned.
“My Brother’s Keeper’s” message to poorer youth: You’re not important Given this White House’s emotional rhetoric deploring gun violence and young people, you’d think confronting youth poverty would be the highest priority. You’d be wrong. Self-congratulatory photo-ops, condescending lectures on “personal responsibility,” and millions for CEOs, consultants and interests perpetuate the trickle-down “solution” to youth poverty. We sure don’t treat older folks this way.
Stop exploiting “teen suicide”. Teens commit suicide at far lower rates than adults, and the few who do have real causes of distress led by their families’ rejection, violence, depression, and addiction. It’s unconscionable that politicians and interests cynically exploit “teen suicide” to popularize themselves and push their own agendas.
Juvenoia! Teens and young adults remain one group of people that can be publicly disparaged with almost no condemnation.
The minimum-wage movement disowns teenagers. Ignore politicians’ and lobbyists’ pious concerns about teenagers and increasing the minimum wage. All sides are distancing themselves from teenaged workers (our poorest age group other than children, and one which would also benefit from a higher wage), preparatory to betraying them yet again.
Education cutbacks, student debt: The center of the real generation war Aging America incessantly declares how much it cares about “the children” but, somehow, keeps tossing the young under the bus again and again to fortify its own ego, bad habits, and spending on itself.
Elder meltdown threatens young people. There is a generation war — not over funding Social Security and Medicare, which the young strongly favor. Rather, the war between old and young is evident in a review of surveys and voting on major issues, which reveals the appalling racism, xenophobia, homophobia, anti-environment, anti-science, reactionary tribal politics rampant among the elderly and many middle-aged Americans.